The magnificent child of our nation

 
 

Artem Mikoyan
(1905-1970)

 

 
     


Artem Ivanovich Mikoyan ("Արտյոմ Հովհաննեսի Միկոյան or Անուշավան Հովհաննեսի Միկոյան" in Armenian) was born  in 1905, in the Armenian village of Sanahin ("Սանահին" in Armenian), a village in the Northern Lorri province of Armenia, now considered part of the city of Alaverdi (the cable car that connects it with the Alaverdi centre is supposed to have the steepest climb in the whole former USSR). The village is notable for its monastery complex, founded in the 10th century and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.  In 1923 he moved to Rostov-on-Don where he studied in the Military Aviation Academy. He completed his basic education and took a job as a machine-tool operator in Rostov. Then in "Dynamo" factory in Moscow. He was conscripted into the military. After military service he joined the Zukovsky Air Force Academy where he created his first plane "Oktyabrenok", graduating in 1937.  In 1940 under leadership of Artem Mikoyan jointly with Mikhail Gurevich MiG-3 fighter was created.

In the war period, Mikoyan designed fighters with high flight and technical data, including the E-250. The speed and the height demonstrated by MiG-15 and MiG-29 had been records for a long time. High-speed and supersonic fighters were designed, which had been in the armament of the air forces for a long time, including MiG-9, MiG-15, MiG- 17 (reaching the sound speed), MiG-19 (the first serial native supersonic fighter, was the most powerful fighters in the world), MiG-21. Among Mikoyan's inventions are such aircraft as airspace plane built late in 60s; MiG-25 the fastest and the highest-flying titanic fighter . MiGs have been in the armament of  air forces, Soviet and foreign, for over 50 years. Mikoyan's fighters showed 55 world records. Artem Mikoyan died on 9 December 1970.

Artem Mikoyan was a genius who brought glory to his country. The whole world uses his inventions . He was recognized as a great aircraft designer not only in his Motherland, but also abroad. The number of  his aircraft is over 60,000 at present and are used in 52 other countries of the world.. There is a monument to Artem Mikoyan at Erebuni airport.

 

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He was twice awarded the highest civilian honor, the "Hero of Socialist Labor". He was also awarded "Laureate of Lenin" and and many other State Prizes. A colonel-general, the chief designer of the design office. He was a deputy in six Supreme Soviets. The Supreme Soviet (literally the "Supreme Council") comprised the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union in the interim of the sessions of the Congress of Soviets, and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments.

His elder brother Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan (18951978) was an Old Bolshevik and Soviet statesman during the Stalin and
Khrushchev years. H a senior Soviet politician.

 

MIG1 MIG 3
MIG 25 MIG 25
MIG 35 MIG 29
MIG 23 MIG15
MIG 21 MIG 23


 


 


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