Prescription drugs that can be abused and become deadly

Three types of drugs are misused or abused most often:
  • Opioids—prescribed for pain relief
  • CNS depressants—barbiturates and benzodiazepines prescribed for anxiety or sleep problems (often referred to as sedatives or tranquilizers)
  • Stimulants—prescribed for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the sleep disorder narcolepsy, or obesity.
     
Substances:
Category and Name
Examples of Commercial
and Street Names
How Administered Intoxication Effects/Potential Health Consequences
Depressants reduced pain and anxiety; feeling of well-being; lowered inhibitions; slowed pulse and breathing; lowered blood pressure; poor concentration/confusion, fatigue; impaired coordination, memory, judgment; respiratory depression and arrest, addiction

Also, for barbiturates—sedation, drowsiness/depression, unusual excitement, fever, irritability, poor judgment, slurred speech, dizziness

for benzodiazepines—sedation, drowsiness/dizziness

for flunitrazepam—visual and gastrointestinal disturbances, urinary retention, memory loss for the time under the drug's effects
barbiturates

 

Amytal, Nembutal, Seconal, Phenobarbital; barbs, reds, red birds, phennies, tooies, yellows, yellow jackets injected, swallowed
benzodiazepines (other than flunitrazepam)

Ativan, Halcion, Librium, Valium, Xanax; candy, downers, sleeping pills, tranks swallowed
flunitrazepam (date rape drug)

Rohypnol; forget-me pill, Mexican Valium, R2, Roche, roofies, roofinol, rope, rophies swallowed, snorted

 

Dissociative Anesthetics increased heart rate and blood pressure, impaired motor function/memory loss; numbness; nausea/vomiting

Also, for ketamine—at high doses, delirium, depression, respiratory depression and arrest
ketamine

Ketalar SV; cat Valium, K, Special K, vitamin K injected, snorted, smoked
Opioids and Morphine Derivatives pain relief, euphoria, drowsiness/respiratory depression and arrest, nausea, confusion, constipation, sedation, unconsciousness, coma, tolerance, addiction

Also, for codeine—less analgesia, sedation, and respiratory depression than morphine
codeine

Empirin with Codeine, Fiorinal with Codeine, Robitussin A-C, Tylenol with Codeine; Captain Cody, Cody, schoolboy; (with glutethimide) doors & fours, loads, pancakes and syrup injected, swallowed
fentanyl (with an analgesic potency of about 80 times that of morphine)


 

Actiq, Duragesic, Sublimaze; Apache, China girl, China white, dance fever, friend, goodfella, jackpot, murder 8, TNT, Tango and Cash injected, smoked, snorted
morphine

Roxanol, Duramorph; M, Miss Emma, monkey, white stuff injected, swallowed, smoked
opium

laudanum, paregoric; big O, black stuff, block, gum, hop swallowed, smoked
other opioid pain relievers (oxycodone, meperidine, hydromorphone, hydrocodone, propoxyphene)

Tylox, OxyContin, Percodan, Percocet; oxy 80s, oxycotton, oxycet, hillbilly heroin, percs
Demerol, meperidine hydrochloride; demmies, pain killer
Dilaudid; juice, dillies
Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet; Darvon, Darvocet
swallowed, injected, suppositories, chewed, crushed, snorted

 

Stimulants increased heart rate, blood pressure, metabolism; feelings of exhilaration, energy, increased mental alertness/rapid or irregular heart beat; reduced appetite, weight loss, heart failure

Also, for amphetamines—rapid breathing; hallucinations/tremor, loss of coordination; irritability, anxiousness, restlessness, delirium, panic, paranoia, impulsive behavior, aggressiveness, tolerance, addiction

for cocaine—increased temperature/chest pain, respiratory failure, nausea, abdominal pain, strokes, seizures, headaches, malnutrition

for methamphetamine—aggression, violence, psychotic behavior/memory loss, cardiac and neurological damage; impaired memory and learning, tolerance, addiction

for methylphenidate—increase or decrease in blood pressure, psychotic episodes/digestive problems, loss of appetite, weight loss
amphetamines

Biphetamine, Dexedrine; bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA turnaround, speed, truck drivers, uppers injected, swallowed, smoked, snorted
cocaine

Cocaine hydrochloride; blow, bump, C, candy, Charlie, coke, crack, flake, rock, snow, toot injected, smoked, snorted
methamphetamine

 

Desoxyn; chalk, crank, crystal, fire, glass, go fast, ice, meth, speed injected, swallowed, smoked, snorted
methylphenidate

Ritalin; JIF, MPH, R-ball, Skippy, the smart drug, vitamin R injected, swallowed, snorted
Other Compounds no intoxication effects/hypertension, blood clotting and cholesterol changes, liver cysts and cancer, kidney cancer, hostility and aggression, acne; adolescents, premature stoppage of growth; in males, prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, breast enlargement; in females, menstrual irregularities, development of beard and other masculine characteristics
anabolic steroids

Anadrol, Oxandrin, Durabolin, Depo-Testosterone, Equipoise; roids, juice injected, swallowed, applied to skin




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