Prescription drugs when abused.
Methadone (Methadose, Dolophine)
synthetic opioid commonly known for treating
addicts, it also is an effective pain
reliever that doctors are prescribing more.
Methadone, a drug long valued for
treating heroin addiction and for soothing
chronic pain, is increasingly being abused
by recreational drug users and is causing an
alarming increase in overdoses and deaths
2. Oxycodone (Oxycontin, Roxicodone, Tylox,
Painkiller that often is combined in
pills with aspirin or acetaminophen or with
a time-release mechanism that offers a
longer-term pain relief.
Oxycodone has a high abuse potential and
is prescribed for moderate to high pain
relief associated with injuries, bursitis,
dislocation, fractures, neuralgia,
arthritis, and lower back and cancer pain.
It is also used postoperatively and for pain
relief after childbirth. OxyContin,
Percocet, Percodan, and Tylox are trade name
Alprazolam (Xanax, Niravam)
nervous system depressant that is most
commonly used to treat insomnia and anxiety.
The drug Xanax is a longer duration
Benzodiazepine which is prescribed to treat
insomnia in patients with daytime anxiety or
patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder
(GAD) and Panic Disorders.
Morphine (Kadian, MS Contin)
named after Morpheus, the Greek God of
Morphine is highly addictive. Tolerance
(the need for higher and higher doses to
maintain the same effect) and physical and
psychological dependence develop quickly.
Withdrawal from morphine causes nausea,
tearing, yawning, chills, and sweating
lasting up to three days.
5. Hydrocodone (Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet)
A semi synthetic opiate painkiller and
cough suppressant. It is the most frequently
prescribed opiate painkiller in the United
Anxiety, constipation, decreased mental &
physical performance, difficulty breathing,
difficulty urination, dizziness, drowsiness,
dry throat, emotional dependence,
exaggerated feeling of depression, extreme
calm (sedation), exaggerated sense of
well-being, fear, itching, mental clouding,
mood changes, nausea & vomiting, rash,
restlessness, sluggishness and
tightness in chest are all possible side
6. Fentanyl (Actiq, Fentonara, Duragestic)
Powerful pain reliever that comes in many
forms, including lollipops, tablets and
Fentanyl can produce drug dependence
similar to that produced by morphine.
Fentanyl has the potential for abuse, often
leading to physical and psychological
dependence, but may be a necessary evil to
control chronic pain.
7. Propoxyphene (Darvon)
An opioid analgesic used for mild to
moderate pain and as a cough suppressant.
When abused is taken orally, chewed,
crushed (then snorted like cocaine), or
crushed (then dissolved in water and
injected like heroin).
8. Carisoprodol (Soma)
Muscle relaxant drug used in pain relief.
It's not considered a controlled substance
in most states.
Individuals of all ages abuse Soma. Data
reported in the National Survey on Drug Use
and Health indicate that 2,276,000 U.S.
residents aged 12 and older used Soma
nonmedically at least once in their
Diazepam (Valium, Diastat)
Most often used
to treat anxiety. Inspired the Rolling
Stones song Mother's Little Helper.
Valium depresses the nervous system much
like alcohol and is abused by all segments
of society. Valium is both physically and
psychologically addicting and as is
considered one of the toughest addictions to
painkiller that is a derivative of morphine.
Hydromorphone's abuse potential comes
from the fact that its euphoric intravenous
rush is very similar to heroin's.
Hydromorphone is one of the most prescribed
opioids in the relief of pain for the
terminally ill due to its minimal side
effects and high potency.